The OEF is a multi-indicator measure created by the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC). This measure provides you with an overview of the environmental performance of your organisation’s goods and services from a life cycle perspective. The OEF can be used by all types of companies, public administrative entities, territories, and other bodies.
Unlike a carbon footprint, which measures only one thing, an environmental footprint is a useful multi-indicator measure of your impacts. The PEF is a methodology created by the European Commission’s Joint Research Center (JRC) based on Life Cycle Assessment. Its goal is to provide ‘a common way of measuring environmental performance’ for companies within in EU wishing to market their product.
Bilan Carbone® is a diagnostic tool developed by the French Agency for Environment and Energy Management (ADEME) in 2004. It is an accounting method for greenhouse gas emissions which can be used by any organisation, industrial or tertiary company, public administration, communities or territory. It is the best-known and most used system in France for the evaluation and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
The Greenhouse Gas Protocol is an international accounting tool for governments and business leaders to understand, quantify, and manage greenhouse gas emissions. It was established by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in 1998 and first published in 2001. The protocol served as the foundation of several international standards, including ISO 14064-1.
The Publicly Available Standard 2060 (PAS 2060) is the newest recommended standard for CO2 neutrality, launched by the British Standards Institution (BSI) in 2010. It offers a successful set of measures and requirements for organisations to make a verifiable and transparent declaration of their carbon neutrality. The standard makes it easier to compare company efforts and to overcome public cynicism about the term.
The Publicly Available Standard 2050 (PAS 2050) was developed by the British Standards Institution (BSI) in 2008 as the world’s first framework methodology for carbon footprinting. The updated 2011 version provides a method for assessing the life cycle of greenhouse gas emissions of goods and services. Organisations can use this standard to assess the climate change impact of the goods and services they offer.
The ISO 14064 standard was developed in 2006 by the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO). It is used to provide governments, businesses, regions and other organisations with an integrated set of tools for programmes to quantify, monitor, report and verify greenhouse gas emissions. It is published in three parts, detailing specifications and guidance for the organisational and project levels, and for validation and verification.
These standards are crucial in calculating the carbon footprint, because they give confidence in the credibility and transparency of carbon neutrality claims. Next to PEF and OEF, the most reliable and widely-used standards are ISO 14064, BSI: PAS 2050, GHG Protocol and Bilan Carbone®. In April 2013, the European Commission launched the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and the Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF) in an attempt harmonise the currently available carbon footprint standards.